The Czech Republic (Czech: Česká Republika) is a landlocked country located at the very heart of Central Europe and covers the territory of the historic lands of Bohemia, Moravia and a part of Silesia.
It borders with Poland to the North (761.8 km), Germany to the Northwest and West (810.3 km), Austria to the South (466.3 km) and Slovakia to the East (251.8 km).
Area: 78 864 sq. km Population: 10 681 161 (census 2019) Capital: Praha - 1 308 632 (census 2019) Administrative divisions: 14 regions Official language: Czech Political system: parliamentary republic (president: Miloš Zeman) Religions: predominantly Roman-Catholic (39.2%), a large proportion of the population are atheists (39.7%) The highest point: Sněžka at 1602 m
The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999. It became a full member of the European Union on 1 May 2004, it is a member of the Schengen area since 2007.
The natural wealth in the Czech Republic is protected in many areas which have officially been declared nature reserves. On the territory of the Czech Republic there are four national parks (Krkonoše, Šumava, Podyjí and České Švýcarsko).
On the territory of the Czech Republic there are numerous cold and hot natural mineral water springs which are used for curative and convalescent treatments in areas where there are also spas.
Thanks to Czech Republic position in the heart of Europe the country has been confronted with various cultural influences and architectural styles in the course of its history. Since the country suffered little damage during the World War II, nor destruction due to redevelopment projects, a rich cultural heritage has been preserved.
In the Czech Republic there is a total of 12 properties inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, 4 folk masterpieces (elements) inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and 6 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.
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